Serial code free Fl Studio 11 for Windows - Free downloads and reviews
FL Studio Producer Edition 9, 10, 11 Reg Key, Crack, Full Version. You don't seem to be able to only install the 64 bit version). FL Studio is an entire programming music creation condition or Digital Audio Workstation (DAW). FL Studio 11 is a complete software music production environment, representing more than 14 years of innovative developments and our commitment to Lifetime Free Updates. FL Studio 12 (free version) download for PC click for info.
- FL Studio Mobile APK Free Download [v3.4.5 APK Full]
- Download Free FL Studio 11.1.1: : Rootdownload.com
- FL Studio 12.5 Crack Reg key + Keygen Updated 2020
- Download FL Studio 13.1.0 Full with Crack
- Free Fl Studio Full Version
Key download FL Studio 11.1.1 Crack
Download FL Studio for Windows 10, 7, 8.1/8 (64/32 bits. My FL studio samples located in the "Packs" will not load in FL 64 bit. Fruity Loops Studio Producer Edition 12 Full + Plugins Full Version with Keygen 21.20 zHooteRz It is a software for PC build specifically for Audio composing, adjusting, recording, editing, mixing and mastering. FL Studio 10 Full Version Full to crack it so that you can enjoy this software for free without having to buy a license key. All the things that user need available in music software, all are available in Continue reading FL Studio Crack Torrent Full.
- Image-line FL Studio 188.8.131.52 (2020) Cracked Full Version
- FL Studio 184.108.40.2067 Crack Plus Keygen [Latest] is here
- Fruity Loops Studio Producer Edition 12 Full - FREE SOFT ONLY
- Image line Fl Studio 20 With Crack Full Version [Latest]
- Fl Studio 11 Crack [Producer Edition] Full Crack Download
- Image-Line Shop - FL Studio
- FL Studio 11 Crack & keygen Full Free Download
- FL Studio 220.127.116.117 Crack Incl Full Keygen ... - Use Cracked
- Download the latest version of FL Studio free in English
- Download FL STUDIO 10 Full Version - Music Production Software
FL Studio 18.104.22.1687 Crack Incl Full Keygen Torrent Free 2020
This has been our promise for 20 years and counting. Download the Latest FL Studio 11 Crack full free with complete Activation. Fl Studio 11 Full Version free download - ACID Music Studio 11, Free Studio, DAZ Studio, and many more programs. Fl studio 11 crack only full version. You can start your audio projects directly from your.
Download FL Studio (Fruity Loop) 20.6.2 Build 1549 (Free
You have to play around with editing your tracks in the original design window. Before the release of this software, all the artist were unable to properly mix, create audio loops and create some amazing songs with the. Native FL STUDIO plugin version only (Win / Mac) Buy VST Plugin separate in Juice Pack (Win only). FL Studio Crack is a complete programming music age condition or digital audio workstation (Aung San). Fl Studio 11 Original Version Free Download Crack Only link.
Fl studio 11 reg key - Google Docs
FL Studio 10 Producer Edition FL Studio 10 is a complete software music production environment, representing more than 12 years of sustained & focused development. Login to your Image-Line Account and download here (bottom of the post). Download free fl studio 12 32 bit (Windows) visit this web-site.
Sylenth1 3.070 Crack & Serial Key - Use Cracked
Buy and get Lifetime Free Updates. FL Studio 20 Crack + Registration Key Full Version. What the heck is that FL Studio 10 Crack? Fl Studio 10 Producer Edition Full + Crack informative post. FL Studio 11 Cracked Incl Keygen With Full Version FL Studio 11 Crack Producer Edition requires some time but only as it has to replicate a lot of samples and instruments to permit users to reap the most from the innovative features bundled with the program.
|1||Free fl studio 12 pc download zip (Windows)||25%|
|2||Download FL Studio XXL 9.1 Full Crack – faisalbrekelle||36%|
|3||Compare Features and Pricing||62%|
|4||FL Studio 11 Free Download For 32/64 Bit||24%|
|5||Download Fl Studio 10 Full Version With Crack||88%|
|6||FL Studio Producer Edition 11 Reg Key Crack – Get-Cracked||47%|
|7||How to Unlock and Activate FL Studio 20 [FLReg Key + Image||25%|
FL Studio 12 Crack And Keygen Full Version Free Download
100 free FLPs (FL Studio project files) + remakes. FL Studio Crack With Reg Key Full Torrent FL Studio crack is the work of Belgium based Image-Line, a company that entered the software development business designing video games and invoicing programs. Then you are in the right place. The overwhelming majority of the musicians and professionals are victimization it to urge hip-hop, and much of DJs use this medium of audio at parties. How to unlock FL Studio 12 full version with regkey piracy by teaching you how to install an FL Studio 12 crack, download FL Studio 12 torrents, or showing you where to find keygens and free.
Bad History on Salyut 7? By Korolev's Teeth, Good Heaven!
As is generally to be expected from historical dramas, it's predictably ahistorical drama. "True story" my legacy propulsion module!
A bit of background into the real events: Salyut 7 was the final entry (but technically not the 7th) in a series of monolithic space stations like America's Skylab. Carried into orbit atop the UR-500 AKA Proton launch vehicles, these stations were originally intended to serve as military reconnaissance platforms. In contrast with its successful predecessor, Salyut 6, Salyut 7 experienced severe issues and went power down and radio silent on February 11th, 1985. Representing a considerable investment and not even three years old after it went dark after several other serious repairs, the decision was made to send a two person crew to board Salyut 7 and bring it back online if possible. Consisting of veteran cosmonauts Vladimir Dzhanibekov and Viktor Savinykh aboard Soyuz T-13, this team would successfully dock with Salyut 7 on June 8th, 1985 and restore it to full functionality by the month's end before remaining on the station for an extended stay and safely landing on the 26th of September.
Now, there's a funny story behind this particular wall of text you may or may not about to read and, no, it's not that I wrote all of this on Notepad (which I did, but that's not so much funny as it is very sad). No, the funny story is that I had originally planned on simply panning the trailer for its rather blatant BadHistory. However, in the course of my finding a source for it being compared to Apollo 13, I discovered that the movie could be watched in its entirety by Amazon Prime subscribers. As such, I could not in good conscience get away with simply watching the trailer. So you sickos get to enjoy my prolonged suffering as I'm forced to watch this disaster of a movie play at a BadHistory Black Site Education Facility.
Without further stalling for the inevitable torturing that awaits: Enter the nightmare fueled realm that is Salyut 7.
0:00:00 It was the dawn of the Third Age of Mankind, twenty-four years after the Great Patriotic War. The Salyut Project was a dream given form. Its goal: To prevent another war by creating a place where laborers and scientists could advance socialism peacefully. It's a place of all - home away from home for scientists, engineers, soldiers and revolutionaries. Three occupants wrapped in twenty tons of aircraft grade alloys, all alone in the night. It can be a dangerous place, but it's our last best hope for peace. This is the story of the Salyut stations. The year is 1984. The name of the place is Salyut 7.
I have a confession to make: That's not the real intro. Sorry, but I couldn't resist. Here's where things actually start . . .
0:00:40 "This film is based on the events of the 1985 Salyut 7 rescue mission" sounds somewhat better than, "Based on true events."
0:01:15 Interestingly, the movie opens up with Svetlana Savitskaya's groundbreaking vacuum welding experiment as part of the Soyuz T-12 crew in 1984, her second trip to Salyut 7. Unfortunately, this is also where we get our first clear BadHistory (and some Bad CGI for good measure). Salyut 7 is depicted as having a full load of two, "clip on" photovoltaic arrays attached to the sides of all three primary arrays. In reality, Salyut 7's Solar panel loadout wouldn't be completed until cosmonauts Savinykh and Dzhanibekov installed the final par of extensions on the third unaugmented array as part of a nearly five hour EVA in August 2nd of 1985 that Savinykh was specifically trained for (Harland 133), and the correct version is depicted here as was seen by Soyuz T-13 itself.
More alarming, however, is the depiction of Soyuz T-12 as the wrong model of Soyuz. You see, the version in the film is actually closest in appearance to the Soyuz YK-TM of Apollo-Soyuz Test Project fame, rather than the actual Soyuz T. While most people couldn't tell the difference between Soyuz spacecraft variants and I wouldn't think any less of them, the makers of a feature length film should probably put in a bit more effort than this. Indeed, the instrumentation module of the Soyuz-T isn't even remotely similar to the older models, particularly since the family used a unified propulsion and propellant system in lieu of different propellants and tankage for the main propulsion and secondary thrusters (Hall & Shayler 287). Moreover, the Solar panels are also of the wrong configuration (four panel instead of three) while boasting the same antenna as the Soyuz 7K-TM. The orbit module also boasts 7K-TM vintage antennae, unusual given their rarity!
As an additional note, none of the names in this movie completely match up with the real names of the individuals they're allegedly depicting. Because I'm already familiar with them, I'll be using the real names or fall back to descriptive nick names when clearly fictional personalities pollute my monitor.
0:01:55: Cosmonaut Igor Volk radios Savitskaya and fellow cosmonaut on EVA, Vladimir Dzhanibekov (the hero of our story) to, ". . . get back inside. You're 4 hours and 10 minutes into the EVA." In reality, the EVA lasted 3 hours a 30 minutes minutes (Wade). Even including the standard 30 minutes of prebreath time required for using the Orlan-D, the given time would still be off (Hoffman 42).
Now, for those keeping track, I'm not even two minutes into the movie. If you're not keeping track, you may wish to get your eyes checked because the time stamps are literally on the left side of these paragraphs.
0:03:33 Savitskaya punctures her glove with a welding burr while picking up one of the panels with weld samples, and bad science-fiction levels of depressurization fears ensue. As most of you probably have already guessed, this whole thing did not happen in real life. In reality, the crew completed their welding without issues (aside from stellar glare in Savitskaya's helmet) and even managed to pick up sample cassettes before calling it a day. I'm beginning to think this movie may not be based on true events at all!
Interestingly enough, NASA astronaut STS-37 mission specialist Jay Apt actually did suffer a puncture of his right glove during an EVA, but this wasn't even noticed until a medical examination conducted after they had landed (Fricke 16).
0:04:14 After verifying that her suit pressure is dropping, Savitskaya is asked to provide her current suit pressure and states that it is at 0.7 atmospheres. This one actually cracked me up, as the operating pressure for most space suits is far lower than that of one atmosphere. The standard operating pressure for her mission's well used Orlan-D is less than 0.4 atmospheres (Hoffman 42). At 0.7 atmospheres, she would have probably experienced increased difficulty operating her suit. This is followed by Savitskaya freaking out (which did not happen) as she is walked arm in hand by her peer (which also did not happen). This actually manages to infuriate me, as it trivializes Savitskaya's uneventful and extraordinarily professional work while managing to portray her, one of the few woman cosmonauts to have ever flown, as being weaker than the good old ole' boys. The subtitles even include an, "atta girl!" as she's pushed into the airlock.
0:05:36 So, now that the movie's succeeded in making me angry, it has Dzhanibekov stop to turn and stare at a glowing blue light. Maybe the aliens from The Abyss are visiting? I wish they would, too, because that's a much better movie. Even the theatrical cut. I don't care. Just make it stop. By the way: The source of this glow is never addressed.
0:05:56 Title drop. The precise time stamp shares numbers with the famous 5.56mm NATO ammunition. Coincidence? Ah, yeah, probably.
After presumably landing safely, Cosmonaut Dzhanibekov receives a debrief and testifies that he indeed saw a blue light. Unfortunately, it was not The Abyss and he is told that describing this event in the official report, "would severely undermine [his] career as a cosmonaut" at 0:06:53. Would it surprise anyone here to know that this never happened?
0:07:21 A menacing typewriter finishes Dzhanibekov's report with the statement that he is, "BANNED FROM FLYING". At least, the subtitles put it in all capital letters.
Skipping some driving of Soviet automobiles, smoking of Soviet cigarettes and sleeping in Soviet beds. This is Bad History, not Red History!
0:10:25 We finally returned to Salyut 7, albeit currently unoccupied, and learn why it will need rescued later. Projectiles approaching in an apparently retrograde orbit savage the Solar panels and miraculously avoid serious damage and/or penetration of the hull. This puts Salyut 7 in an uncontrolled tumble on all axis without power. In reality, the single reason for the station's woes was far less exciting: A bad circuit stopped the still-functional Solar panels from charging the batteries and the station simply ran out of power (Harland 131). The station also only began to rotate very slowly on one axis, rather than whatever number is greater than one.
0:14:00 Various mission control walking and briefing nonsense. We're also introduced to Valery, "Shubin" (based on the actual personality that is the legendary and very recognizable Cosmonaut Valery Ryumin). This version comes off looking less like 80's vintage Valery (who looks ready to rip open airlocks with his bare hands) and more like Oliver Platt (who looks like he's ready for a heart attack).
At this point, I also began to recognize that the warm, yellow lighting in the mission control center bear an uncanny resemblance to The Fountain's symbolic yellow lit interiors during the present day scenes. While this has absolutely nothing to do with Bad History, it is an example of a better movie I could've watched instead.
0:14:15 One good thing the movie gets right, however, is that the control center's orbit tracking map displays the all-important tracking ships needed to maximize valuable radio time with the Union's space assets. The later dissolution of the USSR would see most of these vessels laid up and scrapped by the mid-90's, negatively affecting the succeeding Russian Federation's space program.
0:14:50 This time, we get #FakeNews as foreign language news outlets start broadcasting Salyut 7's failure and warning that, "there's a good chance this space station will crash in the United States", "experts are saying the station could fall on any city", "If the station falls in a populated area multiple casualties are inevitable" and, "the resulting explosion could destroy a large region". No, seriously, those are all exactly as they appeared in the film itself. Sufficed to say, the larger Skylab (which itself weighed more than three Salyut 7s at launch!) had only a hand full of discernible fragments survive to impact the ground; I can't envision a far less massive station destroying, "a large region" unless it was, like, filled with antimatter or some nonsense.
More relevant to our BadHistory, however, is the very idea that any of this was in the news in the first place. Until Pravda (of all outlets!) provided a remarkably full story on the Salyut 7 rescue mission that was picked up by foreign media (Eaton and Mydons), There was very little evidence of anything wrong other than a blurb from Tass (Harland 132).
0:16:27 Meeting with Soviet heads of government and military with Oliver Platt in attendance. One among them notes that NASA is, "scheduled to launch the Challenger on the 30th" ("22 days from now"), and the leader of the meeting notes that Salyut 7 could fit within the cargo bay of an Orbiter. "What a coincidence, right?" So, yeah, they totally want to expedite Salyut 7's recovery because we now have a sub-plot about the Americans wanting to steal a space station. While the movies point out that Salyut 7, "weighs" 20 tons (albeit only at launch) and that the Space Shuttles have a payload capacity of around 20 tons, the writers seemed to have ignored that Shuttle's had a maximum return payload capacity of 14.4; assuming a favorable and very low orbit. For better or worse, the important figures also give Soyuz T-13 ten days (starting at launch) to get the station operational before Challenger arrives to capitalize on the socialists' failure.
Assuming that this is taking place within the month of February, 1985 when Salyut 7 went silent, we could initially assume the Very Important Government Figure is talking about STS-51-B on April 29th, where Challenger was carrying Spacelab-3 (Dumoulin). However, Soyuz T-31 didn't even launch until June 6th. As could be expected from the sloppy workmanship of this film, Challenger had actually returned to Earth before on May 6th, and the next Shuttle launch would not be conducted until STS-51-G with Discovery on the 17th of June (Ibid). So while there would be a Shuttle in orbit around ten days of Soyuz T-13's launch, it would certainly have not been Challenger.
Eagle eyed viewers take note: The Orbiter depicted in the slide could not possibly be the Challenger for its use of the, "Meatball" logo alone. From 1975 to 1992, NASA used what is called the, "worm" logo before switching back to the better known Meatball. Challenger was destroyed in 1986, having never sported Meatball livery in its depressingly short lifespan (Garber).
0:20:39 Meanwhile, back in mission control, Salyut 7 is cited as, "rotating on two axis at about one degree per second". Ignoring which particular axis that speed is supposedly for, the station was in reality rotating on only one at a leisurely 0.3 degrees per second (Harland 131).
0:22:39 Because this is the kind of movie where we have two guys fishing on a boat, Cosmonaut Savinykh is getting teased by a peer, claiming, "You're not even a real cosmonaut. You've never done a spacewalk." Now, keep in mind, most cosmoastrotaikonauts have never conducted spacewalks to begin with and, as I mentioned previously, Savinykh already was planned to EVA on Salyut 7 as part of Soyuz T-13. Repair or not, he had Solar panels to install!
After some poor attempts at docking attempt montages, mission control decides to reinstate Dzhanibekov and have him dock with the uncooperative space station. So I guess grounding him was just a waste of our viewers time then? Figures.
0:33:06 Launch day! Or make that launch night. While the Soyuz T-13 of the movie is depicted as launching in the middle of the night, the real craft launched at 1239 local time (Wade). This is really odd, as it's not like there's a deficit of daytime Soyuz launch footage or something. Also, the real Soyuz T-13 launched from Gagarin's Start, or Baikonur Site 1. As the unusually grainy footage of the movie indicates, the modern pad depicted is most certainly not Gagarin's Start and probably Site 31/6.
0:34:32 The side boosters are jettisoned and the center stage shuts off and then restarts once the vehicle has cleared the boosters. This is not only a no no for the R-7 family of launch vehicles, but most rockets in general. Save for that one built by what's-his-face from PayPal, the vast majority of first stage engines ever built are physically incapable of restarting once shut off even if they still retain propellant.
0:35:10 The shroud is jettisoned and then, almost immediately, the main stage is shut off. This is another big no no for the Soyuz family. Not only does the main stage run for two more minutes after the shroud is shed, the final stage must ignite while the core stage is still on and providing thrust (Hall & Shayler xxxiii). Of course, we don't even get a depiction of the upper stage ignition as it is before not Soyuz T-13 enters its first orbit.
0:38:45 Salyut 7's, "pitch rotation rate" is given as 1.5 degrees seconds; once again quite a ways off from the far more manageable rotation of 0.3 degrees per second.
0:39:00 Not Soyuz T-13 begins its docking attempt as soon as getting within a couple hundred meters of Salyut 7. There's an alarming failed dock that has T-13's probe impact the docking apparatus where it's not supposed to. Soyuz T-13 is told to stand down and abandon their docking attempts as they pass into Earth's shadow, and Dzhanibekov accomplishes a hard dock with the wildly spinning station during communications blackout. In reality, Soyuz T-13 conducted a thorough inspection before any attempts and was able to successfully dock on the first try before entering night (Harland 131).
0:50:00 Our intrepid cosmonauts enter Salyut 7, which is covered in a curiously thick layer of ice courtesy of an exploded water tank. As you might have already thought, that last part did not happen. Though there was frost all over the interior (Ibid).
Before I continue, I'd also like to address the reality that virtually everything beyond this point is total fiction aside from the fact that space does indeed exist. The real reason for Salyut 7's power loss, a single bad relay that drained the batteries, is never mentioned the movie.
0:55:28 Anchorman Colonel Sanders reports on the status of Soyuz T-13 and the rescue mission (which, as was mentioned earlier, not exactly public knowledge). Moreover, we get more anti-Russian nonsense from the straw man Fake News Media as Colonel Sanders mentions that, "The U.S. specialists say there is little chance they will succeed" and there is a complete certainty that everyone onboard will die Skylab not real? More alarmingly, there's also a fear generated over the possibility (read: Absolute certainty) that Salyut 7 has a high yield nuclear weapon that might go off if it reenters! The movie even uses stock footage of nuclear weapons tests. I beginning to think there may have been some sort of bias against non-Russians in this movie.
0:55:55 More fears over the upcoming not-Challenger launch, with whoever is in charge pointing out it is launching, "with an empty cargo bay" instead of STS-51-G's actual payload of three telecom satellites and their PAM-D boosters (Dumoulin). This is all accompanied by a work montage over what is supposed to be several days within the still powered-down station. I'll note that power and the air heating systems were already online within two days of docking in real life.
0:58:35 The station begins heating up and ridiculous amounts of large water bubbles form in free fall. The crew herd the water into a corner and later absorb it with towels and spare clothes. Salyut 7, in fact, had the condenser do the hard work and slowly remove the water from the air over several weeks (132).
1:04:42 Now for some Bad History that doesn't revolve around space Bad History! The cosmonauts, taking a break from cosmonauting, imbibe an alcoholic beverage smuggled in by Dzhanibekov. Now I'm going to ignore the implausibility of smuggling in a fairly large container of the stuff and drinking in a workplace where this would likely be met with severe punishment and focus on a claim made by Savinykh after they gulp down an alcohol bubble: "What about the prohibition?" The problem here is that complete prohibition of alcoholic beverages in the Union, ironically enshrined into law made by the previous Russian government in 1914, had ended in 1925. While there were multiple attempts to curb alcoholism by the Soviet government, none of these amounted to complete prohibitions but instead focused on raising the price of targeted items. The most wide reaching of the post-1925 anti-alcohol campaign ("Measures to Overcome Drunkeness and Alcoholism"), didn't even exist as law until May of 1985: After the repair of Salyut 7 (Bhattacharya, Gathmann & Miller).
1:05:22 A stowaway cockroach is seen floating through Soyuz T-13's orbit module during the imbibing of the alcoholic beverage. One among them claims that it is, "the first one in space". This is a problematic claim, in that Apollo 12 may have boosted a cockroach into space (Ward 112). Regardless, plenty of other insects and assorted animals were unwillingly launched into space well before this. My favorite non-humans are still the Russian box tortoises that flew by the Moon and returned to Earth as part of the Zond program.
1:11:28 Dzhanibekov executes a solo EVA after attempts to charge the replacement batteries fails. While a Salyut 7 EVA was mentioned earlier in this block of text, that EVA both took place in August of 1985 and well after the time frame depicted in the movie. Additionally, the EVA (a nearly five hour long affair) involved both Dzhanibekov and Savinykh and was primarily for the sake of adding on new Solar panels and testing the brand new Orlan-DM spacesuits delivered by Cosmos 16691 (Harland 133).
1:11:45 Mission control reports that the cause of Salyut 7's errors is a deformed sensor that's preventing the panels from tracking the Sun, rather than the bad circuit. What makes this a particularly amusing error is that the Solar panels of Salyut 7 were in fact tracking the Sun in a futile attempt to charge the batteries, their motors draining the station's energy in the process (Ibid 131). Movie Dzhanibekov conducts an implausibly swift ascent to the damaged sensor, and the film makes it clear the damage was a result of the projectiles which impacted it earlier.
1:14:45 Radio contact with mission control cuts out and Dzhanibekov spies through a window to see Savinykh attempting to extinguish a fictional fire. Rather than dying from a lack of oxygen or from a flame that very clearly engulfs him as he retreats towards the Soyuz end of the station, Savinykh dons his Orlan spacesuit in record time (skipping the prebreathing) and opens the airlock in a dramatic fashion, venting the station's air out into space to extinguish the fire while nearly getting thrown into space by hurricane force winds2. Meanwhile, Dzhanibekov tries to make his own way to the airlock, often without attaching his tether to anything and nearly getting thrown into space himself.
As I already stated, this particular EVA never happened, and it looks more like a recreation of that particularly bad Space Station EVA scene from Gravity than a realistic EVA.
1:19:50 Challenger takes off from Florida. Having already established that the only Shuttle launch that would be plausible for this movie is the launch of Discovery on the 17th of June as part of STS-51-G, I suppose it shouldn't be surprising to learn that the movie has the time of day for this launch incorrect, too. Whereas, "Challenger" is seen launching during the midday, STS-51-G launched without delay on 0733 local time (Dumoulin). Sunrise for Cape Canaveral on that date was 0625, adjusted for Daylight Savings Time (United States Naval Observatory).
1:20:10 Savinykh survives his fire-capades with remarkably minor burns.
1:20:38 Salyut 7's crew establishes contact with Earth, giving their orbital parameters as, "Apogee 52,555 km, perigee 25,554 km." This is catastrophically incorrect any way you look at it. Removing the last three figures (assuming the comma was meant as a decimal point) puts them well within the the bulk of Earth's atmosphere, and assuming they actually meant tens of thousands puts them well beyond Salyut 7's historic low Earth orbits closer to 300 kilometers above the Earth's surface. An apogee of 52,555 kilometers would put Salyut 7 well past the distance of geostationary orbit! I really have no clue what the writers must've intended at this point, save for perhaps pointing out that they cannot into space.
1:21:50 It's established that Soyuz T-13's interior is completely gutted and that the few discernible control inputs left do not work. While much is made of the reality that the crew cannot control the ship, the Soyuz spacecraft were developed from the very beginning with a high degree of autonomous and remote control functionality. Indeed, the very first numbered flight of the Soyuz-T, Soyuz T-1 (sometimes called Soyuz T), saw a successful unmanned docking with an empty Salyut 6 in 1979 and undocking in 1980 (Hall & Shayler 284-285). Manual override was simply a nice thing to have when automated docking failed, which was a depressingly common and long unresolved reason for many a Salyut mission failure3.
1:25:28 Some engineer tells Oliver Platt that, "Technically, manual undocking is possible". Perhaps he didn't see the nicely charred Soyuz command console or forgot the ship could undock itself once buttoned up? Instead of pursuing a normal undocking sequence, they also discuss the use of mechanically activated explosive bolts to sever Soyuz T-13's connection with its probe docking system or separate the descent and instrumentation module from the orbit module. While it's not clear which method they're actually discussing, both of these are real options for emergency Soyuz detachment (Ibid 48), though the probe itself is spring loaded and shouldn't really need the use of explosives if it's already successfully attached.
1:26:00 There are concerns back on Earth about there being insufficient oxygen for both cosmonauts, so Dzhanibekov is later asked to remain behind on Salyut 7 as Savinykh will be sedated to conserve air and placed on Soyuz T-13. While much is made about how little oxygen is left onboard Salyut 7, absolutely no mention is made of the Sokol pressure suits (which can operate at low pressures like the Orlan spacesuits in emergencies) or the Soyuz' air supply.
1:36:30 After Oliver Platt throws an office chair through a window, Dzhanibekov decides to light up a cigarette because that's totally a good thing to do on board a space station that just caught on fire. Predictably, the two decide to ignore orders (again) and EVA to repair the broken sensor by knocking its protective shroud off with a hammer.
1:50:15 The two are ultimately successful and finished just in time to power the station back up and see not-Challenger sneaking up beside them. I'll note that the actual Discovery mission of STS-51-G put the Orbiter on an uncooperative inclination of of 28.45 degrees for the benefit of its satellite payload, making even the very briefest of flybys an unlikely affair assuming it and Salyut 7 were sharing the same orbital altitudes (Dumoulin). Not-Challenger is also depicted with it's payload bay closed, which is Bad thermodynamics. The Orbiters had their radiators kept on the inside of the doors, and these were always kept open after achieving orbit to radiate waste heat away into space. If these were to stay shut, the ship and crew would eventually become space-barbecue.
Regardless, the crew of not-Challenger salute the successful cosmonauts, who return the favor. The blue light returns to engulf both Dzhanibekov and Savinykh, it is not explained as I promised earlier, and the movie mercifully begins to roll the credits intermixed with celebrations at mission control and stock footage of the actual Salyut 7 rescue mission.
And, finally, we're done. It wasn't fun for me either, believe me.
Scolar's Final Thoughts: This movie is absolutely dreadful. Aside from the historical inaccuracies, its depictions of cosmonauts as being order-breaking cowboys, weak women and nervous Oliver Platt truthfully feel more offensive than respectful. The contrived action-adventure sequences also devalue their accomplishments, and they feel less like a depiction of real events and more like an attempt at a high budget blockbuster getting shoehorned into real equipment. the aesthetics of Salyut 7 and Soyuz T-13 are there, but the real life matters take a backseat. In that respects, it's a lot like Gravity, but with the pretense of being based on a real story.
However, if there is one sentence that could be used to describe this movie in complete, sublime honesty, it is thus: Salyut 7 is Michael Bay's Pearl Harbor set in space and made in Russia.
- While the mission designation Cosmos (or Kosmos) was typically reserved for failed missions in this context, Cosmos 1669 (an otherwise standard Progress freighter) had the unique distinction of originally being written off for an early-flight fault before its controllers overcame the issue and had it successfully docked.
- Seriously, unless your spacecraft is pressurized with multiple atmospheres worth of air, this should not happen.
- You could probably make a movie about how the various design bureaux in charge of the spacecraft and various docking systems avoided responsibility for admitting fault.
Bhattacharya, Gathmann & Miller. "The Gorbachev Anti-Alcohol Campaign and Russia’s Mortality Crisis" American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 5(2) (2013): 232-260.
Dumoulin, Jim. "51-B" NASA Space Shuttle Launch Archive. June 29, 2001. Retrieved August 12, 2019. https://science.ksc.nasa.gov/shuttle/missions/51-b/mission-51-b.html
Dumoulin, Jim. "51-G" NASA Space Shuttle Launch Archive. June 29, 2001. Retrieved August 12, 2019. https://science.ksc.nasa.gov/shuttle/missions/51-g/mission-51-g.html
Eaton, William J. "Risky Mission in Space : Pravda Says Cosmonauts Revived ‘Dead’ Salyut 7" Los Angeles Times August 6, 1985 retrieved August 12, 2019 https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1985-08-06-mn-4741-story.html
Fricke, Robert W. "STS-37 Space Shuttle Mission Report" NASA-CR-193062 May 1991.
Garber, Steve. "NASA "Meatball" Logo". NASA History Division. October 2, 2018. Retrieved August 13, 2019 https://history.nasa.gov/meatball.htm
Hall, Rex D. & David J. Shayler. Soyuz, A Universal Spacecraft. New York: Springer, 2003.
Harland, David M. The Story of Space Station Mir. New York: Springer, 2005.
Hoffman, Stephen J. "Advanced EVA: Capabilities: A Study for NASA's revolutionary Aerospace Systems Concept Program" NASA/TP--2004-212068 (2004)
Mydans, Seth. "Soviet official provides details on daring rescue of failed space station" New York Times August 7, 1985. Retrieved August 12, 2019 https://www.nytimes.com/1985/08/07/us/soviet-official-provides-details-on-daring-rescue-of-failed-space-station.html
United States Naval Observatory. "Cape Canaveral, Florida. Rise and Set for the Sun for 1985" Retrieved August 14, 2019 https://aa.usno.navy.mil/cgi-bin/aa_rstablew.pl?ID=AA&year=1985&task=0&state=FL&place=Cape+Canaveral
Wade, Mark. "Soyuz T" Astronautix. Retrieved August 13, 2019. http://www.astronautix.com/s/soyuzt.html
Wade, Mark. "Soyuz T-12" Astronautix. Retrieved August 13, 2019. http://www.astronautix.com/s/soyuzt-12.html
Ward, Jonathan. Countdown to a Moon Launch: Preparing Apollo for its Historic Journey. New York: Springer, 2015.
Nugu Roundup #32 - Co-Ed Cool - 200329
What is this?: This is a weekly feature designed to highlight the unknown/underappreciated groups and soloists working hard in the Kpop world that often fall under the radar. Please share your own information, favorite performance videos, fanmeet stories, or anything else relevant below!
Last week we found a new Favorite. This week let's take a look at some of the co-ed groups out there who aren't KARD (who are awesome, but are the only co-ed group most people know), starting off with one who's been paving their own path for a while now, WALWARI!
What is Nugu?: While in Korean it literally means 'Who' in the broader Kpop context it refers to groups that are generally unknown amongst the greater public. It doesn't have to mean they're extremely new, though it can, and there are of course varying degrees of 'unknown' which some groups having very strong niche fandoms and others being almost invisible. I take a fairly broad view and will include groups that may be known to some, but who don't have widespread name recognition.
And now, on to the show....
Who are they?: WALWARI is a three member co-ed group currently under HISTAR Entertainment. They debuted in 2017 and focus on dance/electronic music. Their name comes from combining 'Wa' which is an expression of amazement in Korea with the vocalization 'lalilali' which is something people say when they're having an extremely good time.
Company: HISTAR is also the parent company boy group HALO, whose contracts ended in 2019 and though there was never an official disbandment notice that I can find, several members of the group are now about to redebut in a Korean/Japanese Produce Japan affiliated group called Orbit Union.
- Mr. Boombox
- Position: Leader, Rapper, Beatboxer
- Real Name: Go Youngbin
- Age: 29 (IA)
- Self Introduction
- Facts: He competed in Show Me the Money and Mr. Trot. He has trained other idols in rapping. He appeared on The Law of the Jungle Myanmar. He has also been associated with beatbox/hip-hop groups Black Anvil and Beat Fighter.
- Position: Main Vocalist
- Real Name: Unknown
- Age: 32 (IA)
- Self Introduction
- Facts: She was born in China, went to Japan at age 12 and stayed for ten years, and then returned to Korea where she debuted with short-lived girl group CLO. She has worked as a travel and festival MC and reporter, has received military training, has worked as an interpreter, and has a degree in Vocal Jazz. She is fluent in Mandarin, Japanese, Korean, and English. She was in another short-lived girl group called Honey Friend before joining WALWARI. She has also released solo songs.
- Position: Vocalist, Maknae
- Real Name: Yoo Suhyun
- Age: 28 (IA)
- Facts: She is the newest member of the group, joining in 2019 to replace original member Merry. She has previously been in the groups Delight and May Queen, and briefly joined FLASHE between comebacks but left before performing with them.
Most Recent Comeback: May 14th, 2019 with Oppa is Cheating On Me (MV) Live Stage (Link) Continuing with their electro-dance style this features Mr. Boombox's signature beatboxing and rapid rapping skills.
Other MVs and Live Performances
- Ddang Ddang Ddang (audio) Live Stage (Link) Their first comeback, no MV, but a fun song with a bit of a retro summer feel in the music with some hints at classic funk and disco.
- Go Eat Ramen (MV) Live Stage (Link) The MV looks to be group-made and is interspersed with shots of them busking.
- Everyday Brother (MV) Live Stage (Link) A fun summery trop-house track with a light bouncy rhythm.
- Pops in Seoul Noraebang
- Pops in Seoul Pick and Talk
- Pops in Seoul Q&A
- Hakuna Matata Live in Studio @ Arirang
- Bingo (orig. Turtles) Live Busking Cover
- Come On (orig. Turtles) Live in Studio @ Sound K
- You're at the End of my Day (orig. Han Dong Geun) Cover by Mr. Boombox
- Rookie (orig. Red Velvet) Freesyle version by Mr. Boombox
- Four-Turtle Live with original Turtle's member Cha Eun-Sung
- J'yunky solo song Good Weather To Love
Who are they?: Lalary is an 8-member independent multi-ethnic co-ed group fronted by Under19 contestant and YouTube personality QxEddie. The group's name is a play on the Korean word 'Nalrari' which means 'youth who play well'.
Company: They are independent, having raised the funding for their debut through Kickstarter.
Debut: August 30th, 2019 with Lalary (MV) Live Performance (Link) A dark girl-crush style song with a strong electronic beat
YouTube Channel: Lalary Official and QxEddie
Kprofiles: Info Link
Instead of doing an in-memorium this week, let's take a look at an upcoming Co-Ed group from Grace Company, Checkmate!
Who are they?: An upcoming 4-member Co-Ed Group (two male, two female) under Grace Company Entertainment.
Company: Grace appears to be a new company with Checkmate their only group.
Kprofiles: Info Link
YouTube Channel: Grace Company Entertainment Official
Instagram: Checkmate Official
- 365 Fresh (orig. Triple H) Live Cover
- Gotta Go (orig. Chungha) Live Cover
- Now (orig. TroubleMaker) Live Cover
- Retro Future (orig. Triple H) Live Cover
- Flower Shower (orig. Hyuna) Sieun Dance Cover
- Fancy (orig. Twice) Suri Dance Cover
- Snapping (orig. Chungha) Sieun Dance Cover
- Idol (orig. BTS) Nason and Noah Live Cover
- Gashina (orig. Sunmi) Sieun Live Cover
- Fire (orig. BTS) Nason and Noah Dance Cover
- Not Today (orig. BTS) Nason and Noah Live Cover
- Flash (orig. X1) Noah Dance Cover
- Solo (orig. Blackpink Kenny) Sieun Live Cover
- Lip & Hip (orig. Hyuna0 Sieun Live Cover
- Lalalay (orig. Sunmi) Sieun Dance Cover
That's it for today, let's get the discussion on!
As always, if you have any suggestions for groups, content, or things you'd like to see, please let me know in the comments below.
Also as always, a big shout-out to u/not-named-in-credits for his amazing work with nugutown.